Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia – BPH
The Prostate gland is a male’s only organ,From the size of an almond in puberty, due to hormonal changes, it grows in size to almost 20 gms.The prostate literally doubles in size during puberty. If a man is lucky, and some are, the prostate never again undergoes any changes in size. Unfortunately, for men between the age of 40 and 59, nearly 60% can be shown to already be suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate enlargement. This usually does not present a noticeable problem until after the age of 50. By the age of 80, however, some 85% of all men suffer from one or more symptoms of BPH. The small urinary tube that empties the bladder,passes over the middle lobe of the prostrate gland.
Anything that happens there to swell the prostate — infection, inflammation, cancer, hypertrophy – can enlarge these lobes and thus obstruct the flow of urine, causing a wide spectrum of misery. With partial obstruction, urine backs up in the bladder and becomes a stagnant pool; bacteria often invade the pool, multiply and cause serious infection, retention, hydronephrosis etc.
BPH can be a progressive disease, especially if left untreated
- Incomplete voiding results in stasis of bacteria in the bladder residue and an increased risk of urinary tract infection.
- Urinary bladder stones are formed from the crystallization of salts in the residual urine.
- Urinary retention, termed acute or chronic, is another form of progression.